Wine is made from the fermentation of grape juice. It dates back 6,500 years. Table wines are limited to 14% alcohol in U.S. and Europe.
When a single grape variety is used it is referred to as varietal wine. Many wines are a combination of several of many grape varieties of the same vintage, referred to as blended wine. A vintage wine is made almost entirely from grapes all grown in a single year. Since vintage wines more often use the best quality grapes and production, they are more expensive.
Red wines get their color from the use of red grape skins during fermentation, the juice itself is clear. In some instances of white wine, the beverage will have a pink "rose" or "blush" tint, indicating that it was made from a very dark grape variety.
Barley wine and rice wine such as sake are more akin to beer than wine since they are starch-based. Ginger wine is fortified with brandy. The use of the word "wine" in these refers to the higher alcohol content rather than the process of production.